Belgian Malinois Health issues | Common Diseases and Health Problems

Belgian Malinois Health issues | Common Diseases and Health Problems
Belgian Malinois Health issues | Common Diseases and Health Problems

Belgian Malinois Health issues | Common Diseases and Health Problems

Belgian Malinois Health issues | Common Diseases and Health Problems
Belgian Malinois Health issues | Common Diseases and Health Problems

Belgian Malinois dog health issues and concerns. This healthy dog breed has no major health Problems, some common diseases are Hip & Elbow dysplasia, & PRA.

Belgian Malinois dog breed is medium to large sized dog breed which is considered to be a healthy dog breed and it is not prone to any major health issue. This Herding dog breed is very energetic and agile. Daily exercising is necessary for them. If you love exercising then this breed is perfect for you. This dog breed is of Alert, Loyal, Confident and Active temperament. They are not considered to be aggressive but training and socialization are important. Demand for this dog breed is increasing in Army and Police.

Although this dog breed is considered healthy it doesn’t mean that they didn’t get affected by any disease. They are known to develop Hip and Elbow dysplasia, Eye diseases and skin infections. Some Hereditary disease also affects them which occurs genetically and some diseases are caused due to the breeding process. If you want to own a Belgian Malinois it will be much better if you take your dog from a good and trusted breeder. Here we will get to know about some common health problems and issues in Belgian Malinois.

Belgian Malinois Lifespan:

A Healthy Belgian Malinois can live from 12 to 14 years and more.

Size of Belgian Malinois dogs:

The size of Belgian Malinois is Medium to Large.

Weight of Belgian Malinois:

Male: 29 to 34 kg

Female: 25 to 30 kg

Height of Belgian Malinois:

Male:  62 to 66 cm

Female: 56 to 61 cm

Some common Health Problems or Diseases in Belgian Malinois:

  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • PRA or Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Von Willebrand’s disease (VWD)
  • Pannus
  • Hemangiosarcoma

Eye Diseases

Retinal Dysplasia in Belgian Malinois:

Retinal dysplasia is the hereditary disease which means it is by birth, It occurs due to the abnormal growth or development of Retina which causes folds within the tissue of Retina and sometimes it leads to Retinal detachment which can make that eye blind.

Symptoms of Retinal Dysplasia in Belgian Malinois:

  • The affected dog will feel difficulty while walking and climbing stairs.
  • Difficulty in seeing objects and he may collide into objects while walking.
  • Difficulty in identifying objects.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) in Belgian Malinois

PRA or Progressive Retinal Atrophy is degenerative eye disease which means that it becomes worst by time. This eye disease is Genetical. Initially, it causes night blindness eventually it leads to complete blindness. This disease is caused by the loss of Photoreceptor cell present at the back of the eye.

Symptoms of Progressive Retinal Atrophy in Belgian Malinois:

  •  Night Blindness.
  • Dog’s eye will seem to be shinier when bright light gets reflected to their eyes.

Pannus in Belgian Malinois

Pannus or chronic superficial keratitis is an Eye disease which is caused by exposure to Ultraviolet light or other substance. This Eye disease is common in areas which are highly polluted. If not controlled on time this disease can result in Blindness. Pannus cannot be cured it can only be controlled. This disease is common in German shepherds.

Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia in Belgian Malinois

Dysplasia is a joint problem which usually occurs in the large-sized dog, Almost all large sized dog breed is prone to it, Belgian Malinois are prone to have Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia.

Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is one of the most common joint problems. It forms by the formation of displacement between the hip joint and thigh bone.

Elbow dysplasia: Elbow dysplasia is caused due to the development of abnormalities in the joint of the elbow of a dog.

Symptoms of Hip dysplasia and Elbow dysplasia in Belgian Malinois:

  • You can recognize dysplasia by noticing the activity level of your dog, he will do fewer activities and his way of walking and standing will also become different.
  • If you touch the affected joint area of your dog he will feel pain and response to your touch, maybe by growling.
  • Loss of muscular mass of the affected joint area.
  • Loosening of Joints
  • Pain while walking or moving

Epilepsy in Belgian Malinois

Epilepsy is a Neurological disease which can lead to seizures,  this disease is inherited but there are several other causes of Epilepsy in dogs.  It is a little difficult for the owner to identify this disease but if your dog has more than a single seizure in a day than you should be concerned about it.

Hypothyroidism in Belgian Malinois

In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland present in the neck of the dog didn’t produce enough thyroid hormones or have low thyroid hormone production. It usually occurs in dogs of medium to large size. It usually occurs due to Swollen or shrank Thyroid gland.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in Belgian Malinois:

  • Less Energetic
  • Loss of fur and increased shedding
  • Hair of coat will become thin
  • The dog will become obese
  • Skin will become thick
  • Unwilling and Unable to do exercise

Von Willebrand’s disease (VWD) in Belgian Malinois

Von Willebrand’s disease (VWD) is the inherited disease, It is the blood disease and it is caused by the deficiency of a protein called ‘Von Willebrand factor (VWF)’ which helps platelets in the clotting of blood. In VWD, the affected dog will continue to bleed after injury or surgery which can also lead to death due to over bleeding.

Hemangiosarcoma in Belgian Malinois

Hemangiosarcoma is highly infectious cancer caused by cells which usually line Blood vessels, This usually occurs in medium to large sized dog breed breeds, Not only Belgian Malinois it can occur in any dog breed.  It is one of the worst forms of cancer. The tumors grow internally in an area where blood vessels are present but most commonly tumors grow on the spleen.

Symptoms of Hemangiosarcoma in Belgian Malinois:

  • Pale eyes
  • Weakness
  • Nose bleeding
  • less appetite

Health issues of Belgian Malinois: Although Belgian Malinois is considered a healthy dog breed, like any other dog breed they also catch a few diseases or health problems. Regular medical checkups can eliminate the risk of those diseases too.

No doubt, they are one of the most Healthiest dog breeds.

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